|Source/Isotype||Mouse IgG1 kappa|
|Flow Cytometry (Live)||1:20|
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol. Visit www.cellsignal.com for a full listing of cellular dyes validated for use in flow cytometry.
NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.
NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to immunostaining.
NOTE: Human Fc receptors cross-react with rabbit IgG. When cells of interest express high levels of Fc receptor protein (for example, macrophage/monocyte lineages), pre-incubate live cells with human Fc block prior to immunostaining with rabbit antibodies.
NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.
posted June 2017
revised January 2022
Protocol Id: 1504
This monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant via affinity chromatography. The purified antibody was conjugated under optimal conditions, with unreacted dye removed from the preparation.
CD64 (FcgammaRI), CD32 (FcgammaRII), and CD16 (FcgammaRIII) are three classes of the immunoglobulin superfamily. CD64 has a high affinity for IgG with three Ig-like domains while CD32 and CD16 have low affinities with two Ig-like domains. Two genes encode CD16-A and CD16-B resulting only in a 6 amino acid difference in their ectodomains. However, CD16-A has a transmembrane anchor versus CD16-B, which has a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (1). CD64, CD32, and CD16 are membrane glycoproteins that are expressed by all immunologically active cells and trigger various immune functions (activate B cells, phagocytosis, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, immune complex clearance, and enhancement of antigen presentation) (2). CD16 cross-linking induces tyrosine phosphorylation (Tyr394) of Lck in NK cells (3). CD32 has tyrosine-based activation motifs in the cytoplasmic domain in contrast to CD16, which associates with molecules possessing these motifs (1).
CD16A is expressed by NK cells, macrophages, and a subset of monocytes, while CD16B is expressed by neutrophils (4). CD16 is commonly used in combination with CD56 to characterize NK cells, with CD16 identifying NK cells capable of cytotoxicity (5).The 3G8 antibody is widely used as a marker of CD16 expression on the cell types mentioned above (6).
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