Figure 1. Treatment of NIH/3T3 cells with PDGF-BB stimulates phosphorylation of YB1 at Ser102 but does not affect the level of total YB1. The relationship between lysate protein concentration from untreated and PDGF-BB treated NIH/3T3 cells and the absorbance at 450 nm using the FastScan™ Phospho-YB1 (Ser102) ELISA Kit #42976 is shown in the upper figure. The corresponding western blots using YB1 antibody (left panel) and phospho-YB1 (Ser102) antibody (right panel) are shown in the lower figure. After serum starvation, NIH/3T3 cells were treated with 100 ng/mL hPDGF-BB #8912 for 40 minutes at 37°C, then lysed.
|Product Includes||Volume (with Count)||Solution Color|
|FastScan™ ELISA Microwell Strip Plate, 96 Well 53257||1 x 96 tests|
|YB1 Rabbit Capture mAb||1 x 1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Phospho-YB1 (Ser102) Mouse HRP-linked mAb||1 x 1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|FastScan™ ELISA Capture Antibody Diluent||1 x 3 ml||Green|
|FastScan™ ELISA HRP Antibody Diluent||1 x 3 ml|
|TMB Substrate 7004||1 x 11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||1 x 11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||1 x 1 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||1 x 25 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Buffer (5X) 69905||1 x 10 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) 25243||1 x 1 ml|
|FastScan™ ELISA Kit #42976 Positive Control Type 1||1 x 1 ea|
NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.
Prepare only as much reagent as needed on the day of the experiment.
*IMPORTANT: The provided FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) may precipitate when stored at 4°C. To dissolve, warm briefly at 37°C and mix gently. The FastScan™ ELISA Cell Extraction Enhancer Solution (50X) can be stored at room temperature to avoid precipitation.
NOTE: The 1X Cell Extraction Buffer contains phosphatase inhibitors. Protease inhibitors should be added to the 1X Cell Extraction Buffer immediately prior to lysing cells. Additional phosphatase inhibitors can also be added (e.g. Protease/Phosphatase Inhibitor Cocktail (100X) #5872, not supplied).
NOTE: A select number of FastScan™ ELISA kits do not contain a positive control, please refer to Product Includes table on the datasheet for a list of included reagents. Should you need support on how to generate a positive control for those kits, contact CST technical support at [email protected].
For adherent cells
For suspension cells
NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.
*NOTE: Certain FastScan™ ELISA Kits may require additional washes at this step. Any requirements for additional washes will be specifically noted in the product “Description” of the kit’s datasheet.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted May 2018
revised November 2019
Protocol Id: 1924
The FastScan™ Phospho-YB1 (Ser102) ELISA Kit is a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of YB1 when phosphorylated at Ser102. To perform the assay, sample is incubated with a capture antibody conjugated with a proprietary tag and a second detection antibody linked to HRP, forming a sandwich with phospho-YB1 (Ser102) in solution. This entire complex is immobilized to the plate via an anti-tag antibody. The wells are then washed to remove unbound material. TMB is then added. The magnitude of observed signal is proportional to the quantity of phospho-YB1 (Ser102).
*Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
IMPORTANT: This FastScan™ ELISA kit requires 4 washes at Step 6 of the protocol.
The FastScan™ Phospho-YB1 (Ser102) ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of YB1 when phosphorylated at Ser102, as shown in Figure 1. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
The Y-box binding protein 1 (YB1) belongs to a family of evolutionarily conserved, multifunctional Y-box proteins that bind single-stranded DNA and RNA and function as regulators of transcription, RNA metabolism, and protein synthesis (1). YB1 binds to Y-box sequences (TAACC) found in multiple gene promoters and can positively or negatively regulate transcription. YB1 activates genes associated with proliferation and cancer, such as cyclin A, cyclin B1, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and the multi-drug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene (2-4). YB1 represses genes associated with cell death, including the Fas cell death-associated receptor and the p53 tumor suppressor gene (5-7). It also interacts with the RNA-splicing factor SRp30c and stabilizes interleukin-2 (IL-2) mRNA upon induction of T lymphocytes by IL-2 (8,9). The majority of YB1 protein localizes to the cytoplasm, with a minor pool found in the nucleus; however, nuclear localization appears to be critical for its role in promoting proliferation. Nuclear translocation is cell cycle regulated, with YB1 protein accumulating in the nucleus during G1/S phase (2). In addition, nuclear translocation is induced in response to extracellular stimuli such as hyperthermia and UV irradiation, or treatment of cells with thrombin, interferons, or insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) (2,10). Treatment of the MCF7 breast cancer cell line with IGF-I results in Akt-mediated phosphorylation of YB1 at Ser102, which is required for nuclear translocation of YB1 and its ability to promote anchorage-independent growth (10). Research studies have shown that YB1 is overexpressed in many malignant tissues, including breast cancer, non-small cell lung carcinoma, ovarian adenocarcinomas, human osteosarcomas, colorectal carcinomas, and malignant melanomas. Investigators have shown that nuclear YB1 expression correlates with high levels of proliferation, drug resistance, and poor tumor prognosis (2,7,10).
Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.