|91899C||1 Kit (96 assays)||
NOTE: This protocol is for PathScan® kits that use an HRP directly conjugated to the detection antibody (Rapid Protocol), rather than a 2-step method where the detection antibody and a secondary-HRP are added sequentially.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.
For adherent cells
For suspension cells
NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
created July 2020
Protocol Id: 2144
Apolipoproteins are plasma lipoproteins that function as transporters of lipids and cholesterol in the circulatory system. Chylomicrons are a fundamental class of apolipoproteins containing very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL), low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and high-density lipoproteins (HDL) (1,2).
Human ApoE has three isoforms: ApoE2, ApoE3, and ApoE4. These three isoforms differ in the combination of cysteine and arginine residues located at positions 130 and 176. The ApoE2 isoform contains cysteine at both locations. ApoE4 has been identified as a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), where ApoE2 is neuroprotective, reducing risk of AD by nearly 50%. The neuroprotective mechanism of ApoE2 remains under investigation, but studies suggest that this may be due to its overall protein abundance in non-AD human cortex and its unique lipid binding profile compared to ApoE3 and ApoE4 which may increase overall beta-amyloid clearance (3).
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