What is a Recombinant Antibody and Why is it Important?
Recombinant antibodies offer several key advantages compared to traditional antibodies.
These include superior lot-to-lot consistency, continuous supply, and animal-free manufacturing.
As such, recombinant antibodies are seeing increased use for scientific research, especially as a means of
addressing the ongoing reproducibility crisis.
What is a Recombinant Antibody?
Traditional polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies are the product of normal B cell development and genetic recombination.
They are generated by immunizing an animal with an antigen to elicit an immune response. While polyclonal antibodies are
secreted by many different B cell clones and recognize multiple antigenic epitopes, monoclonals originate from a single B
cell clone and are specific for just one epitope.
Recombinant antibodies are monoclonal, but their production involves in vitro genetic manipulation.
After cloning the antibody genes into an expression vector, this is then transfected into an appropriate host cell line
for antibody expression. Mammalian cell lines are most commonly used for recombinant antibody production, although cell
lines of bacterial, yeast, or insect origin are also suitable.
Superior Lot-to-Lot Consistency
Because recombinant antibody production involves sequencing the antibody light and heavy chains, it is a highly controlled
and reliable process. In contrast, hybridoma-based systems for producing monoclonal antibodies are subject to genetic
drift and instability, increasing the potential for lot-to-lot variability or loss of antibody expression. Recombinant
antibodies are highly consistent from lot to lot, thereby ensuring reproducible experimental results.
In vitro methods for producing antibodies are amenable to large-scale production, meaning antibody availability is
unlikely to become a limiting factor. Moreover, since the recombinant antibody sequence is known, continuity of supply
is assured; in situations where an antibody will be used to support large, long-term studies, this can be an especially
Unlike traditional methods for antibody production, recombinant approaches avoid the need to use animals.
Where polyclonal antibodies are purified directly from the serum of the immunized host, and monoclonals are purified
from either hybridoma-derived tissue culture supernatant or ascites, recombinant antibodies are instead purified from
the tissue culture supernatants of transfected host cell lines.
Regardless of whether an antibody is polyclonal, monoclonal or recombinant, it must always be properly validated
in the intended application prior to experimental use. At CST, we adhere to the
Hallmarks of Antibody Validation™,
six complementary strategies for determining the specificity, sensitivity, and functionality of an antibody in any
given assay. By carefully tailoring these strategies to each antibody product, we guarantee that CST antibodies
will work as expected, to help you achieve results you can trust.
Aiolos (D1C1E) Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free) #97279
This product is the carrier free version of product #15103. All data were generated using the same antibody clone in the standard formulation which contains BSA and glycerol.
This formulation is ideal for use with technologies requiring specialized or custom antibody labeling, including fluorophores, metals, lanthanides, and oligonucleotides. It is not recommended for ChIP, ChIP-seq, CUT&RUN or CUT&Tag assays. If you require a carrier free formulation for chromatin profiling, please contact us. Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Supplied in 1X PBS, BSA and Azide Free.
For standard formulation of this product see product #15103.
Store at -20°C. This product will freeze at -20°C so it is recommended to aliquot into single-use vials to avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles. A slight precipitate may be present and can be dissolved by gently vortexing. This will not interfere with antibody performance.
Specificity / Sensitivity
Aiolos (D1C1E) Rabbit mAb (BSA and Azide Free) recognizes endogenous levels of total Aiolos protein.
Source / Purification
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Pro46 of human Aiolos protein.
Aiolos is an Ikaros family transcription factor composed of several zinc fingers that mediate DNA binding and homodimerization or heterodimerization with other Ikaros family members (1). Multiple Aiolos isoforms are generated through alternative splicing of the portion of the transcript encoding the amino-terminal zinc fingers (2). Aiolos is expressed by lymphoid tissues, with highest expression levels seen in mature B and T cells (1). Ikaros family proteins control lymphocyte development by recruiting chromatin remodeling complexes to DNA (3). B cells from mice lacking Aiolos have a reduced threshold for activation, increased proliferation, and elevated levels of IgG and IgE. In addition, Aiolos mice develop B cell lymphomas (4). In T cells, Aiolos contributes to Th17 cell differentiation by suppressing IL-2 expression (5). Aberrant expression of Aiolos in transformed epithelial cells promotes anchorage independence through downregulation of adhesion-related genes (6). Alterations in the Aiolos gene are observed in near haploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and the genetic locus containing Aiolos is linked to increased susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus (7-9).