For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v nonfat dry milk, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 263
Polyclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Leu639 of human androgen receptor (V7 isoform) protein. Antibodies are purified by protein A and peptide affinity chromatography.
Androgen receptor (AR), a zinc finger transcription factor belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily, is activated by phosphorylation and dimerization upon ligand binding (1). This promotes nuclear localization and binding of AR to androgen response elements in androgen target genes. Research studies have shown that AR plays a crucial role in several stages of male development and the progression of prostate cancer (2,3).
The AR3 or AR-V7 isoform, which lacks the typical ligand binding domain, is created through the alternative splicing of cryptic exons (4-5). AR-V7 is frequently expressed in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and while dependent on the activity of the full-length androgen receptor (AR-FL), AR-V7 can activate a completely distinct transcriptional program (6-8). While enzalutamide and abiraterone have been beneficial in treating CRPC through the ligand binding domain of AR-FL, resistance in patients has been shown to be associated with AR-V7 detection in circulating tumor cells (9-12). Studies probing into mechanisms of overcoming this resistance are currently being explored and may help in stratifying patient populations for more personalized therapies (13-15).
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