|Flow Cytometry (Live)||1:50 - 1:200|
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
NOTE: When including fluorescent cellular dyes in your experiment (including viability dyes, DNA dyes, etc.), please refer to the dye product page for the recommended protocol. Visit www.cellsignal.com for a full listing of cellular dyes validated for use in flow cytometry.
NOTE: Count cells using a hemocytometer or alternative method.
NOTE: If using whole blood, lyse red blood cells and wash by centrifugation prior to Immunostaining.
NOTE: Optimal centrifugation conditions will vary depending upon cell type and reagent volume. Generally, 150-300g for 1-5 minutes will be sufficient to pellet the cells.
posted February 2011
revised June 2020
Protocol Id: 58
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with cells overexpressing human CD133 protein.
CD133, also known as Prominin, was first described as a cell surface marker recognized by monoclonal antibody AC133 on putative hematopoietic stem cells (1). Subsequent cDNA cloning indicated that CD133 is a five-transmembrane protein with a predicted molecular weight of 97 kDa. Due to heavy glycosylation, its apparent molecular weight is 130 kDa as determined by SDS-PAGE analysis (2). Besides blood stem cells, CD133 is expressed on and used to isolate other stem cells, including cancer stem cells (3-7). A deletion mutation in CD133 produces aberrant protein localization and may result in retinal degeneration in humans (8).
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